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Table 2 Associations with low back, neck and shoulder pain in past year

From: Risk factors for musculoskeletal pain amongst nurses in Estonia: a cross-sectional study

Risk factors Low back pain Neck pain Shoulder pain
n aOR (95% CI) bOR (95%CI) n aOR (95% CI) bOR (95%CI) n aOR (95% CI) bOR (95%CI)
Age (years)          
 23–29 24 1 1 24 1 1 5 1 1
 30–39 41 1.2 (0.6-2.5) 1.3 (0.6-2.9) 41 1.2 (0.6-2.5) 1.6 (0.7-3.7) 15 2.2 (0.7–6.5) 3.2 (0.9-11.9)
 40–49 29 1.4 (0.7-3.1) 1.8 (0.8-4.6) 26 1.1 (0.5-2.4) 0.8 (0.3-2.0) 14 3.4 (1.1–10.3) 5.1 (1.3-19.6)
 50–59 30 3.4 (1.4-8.3) 5.5 (1.8-17.1) 24 1.7 (0.7-3.9) 2.6 (0.9-7.3) 13 4.4 (1.4–13.8) 6.2 (1.4-26.9)
Self-rated health          
 Good 62 1 1 59 1 1 13 1 1
 Poor 62 2.1 (1.2-3.7) 1.1 (0.5-2.3) 56 1.9 (1.1-3.2) 1.2 (0.6-2.4) 34 4.8 (2.3-9.9) 4.4 (1.7-11.4)
Number of distressing somatic symptoms        
 0 60 1 1 55 1 1 15 1 1
 1 31 1.7 (0.9-3.5) 1.5 (0.7-3.4) 27 1.5 (0.8-2.9) 1.4 (0.6-3.0) 15 3.2 (1.4-7.3) 2.0 (0.7-5.2)
 ≥2 33 3.5 (1.6-7.5) 2.4 (0.9-6.0) 33 3.9 (1.8-8.5) 5.0 (1.8-13.9) 17 4.9 (2.1–11.2) 2.1 (0.7-6.0)
Mood          
 Good 14 1 1 18 1 1 7 1 1
 Intermediate 88 1.6 (0.7-3.4) 1.8 (0.7-4.3) 77 0.8 (0.4-1.7) 0.7 (0.3-1.6) 27 0.6 (0.2-1.7) 0.3 (0.1-0.9)
 Poor 22 4.5 (1.5-13.7) 3.4 (0.9-12.5) 20 1.9 (0.7-5.3) 0.8 (0.2-2.8) 13 3.3 (1.0-10.6) 0.7 (0.2-3.2)
Emotional exhaustion          
 Low 13 1 1 14 1 1 4 1 1
 Medium 85 2.1 (0.9-4.7) 2.1 (0.8-5.4) 73 1.2 (0.5-2.6) 0.9 (0.4-2.2) 31 1.9 (0.6-6.1) 2.6 (0.7-10.8)
 High 19 2.0 (0.7-5.7) 1.5 (0.4-6.1) 23 3.2 (1.1-9.1) 2.2 (0.5-9.3) 10 3.0 (0.8-11.2) 2.0 (0.3-11.9)
Depersonalisation          
 Low 13 1 1 6 1 1 3 1 1
 Medium 82 0.6 (0.2-1.7) 0.4 (0.1-1.2) 83 2.9 (1.0-8.0) 3.5 (1.1-10.9) 32 1.4 (0.4-5.3) 1.6 (0.3-8-1)
 High 21 0.7 (0.2-2.1) 0.4 (0.1-1.6) 23 3.8 (1.2-12.4) 2.6 (0.6-11.3) 11 2.1 (0.5-9.2) 1.7 (0.3-10.9)
Stressful occupational physical activity        
 No 69 1 1 87 1 1 31 1 1
 Yes 54 2.1 (1.2-3.7) 2.2 (1.1-4.3) 27 1.3 (0.7-2.6) 1.1 (0.5-2.4) 15 2.1 (1.0-4.5) 3.0 (1.2-7.3)
Time pressures at work          
 Low 33 1 1 26 1 1 12 1 1
 High 88 1.2 (0.7-2.2) 0.9 (0.5-1.9) 87 1.9 (1.1-3.5) 1.4 (0.7-2.8) 33 1.2 (0.6–2.5) 0.7 (0.3-1.7)
  1. aAdjusted for age (age is presented without any adjustment).
  2. bAdjusted for all risk factors in the table.