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Table 3 Associations with elbow, wrist/hand and knee pain in past year

From: Risk factors for musculoskeletal pain amongst nurses in Estonia: a cross-sectional study

Risk factors Elbow pain Wrist/hand pain Knee pain
n aOR (95% CI) bOR (95% CI) n aOR (95% CI) bOR (95% CI) n aOR (95% CI) bOR (95% CI)
Age (years)          
 23–29 3 1 1 18 1 1 13 1 1
 30–39 6 1.3 (0.3-5.6) 1.4 (0.3-6.5) 19 0.6 (0.3-1.3) 0.6 (0.2-1.4) 19 0.9 (0.4-2.1) 1.1 (0.4-2.7)
 40–49 7 2.5 (0.6-10.2) 2.4 (0.5-10.6) 9 0.4 (0.2-1.0) 0.3 (0.1-0.9) 22 2.1 (0.9-4.9) 2.1 (0.8-5.3)
 50–59 9 4.6(1.2-18.5) 5.0 (1.1-22.1) 14 1.0 (0.4-2.3) 1.4 (0.5-3.9) 18 2.4 (1.0-5.8) 2.0 (0.7-5.7)
Self-rated health          
 Good 10 1 1 29 1 1 34 1 1
 Poor 15 1.9 (0.8-4.7) 2.1 (0.7-6.2) 31 1.9 (1.0-3.6) 1.5 (0.7-3.2) 38 1.8 (1.0-3.3) 2.0 (1.0-4.4)
Number of distressing somatic symptoms        
 0 12 1 1 30 1 1 35 1 1
 1 7 1.4 (0.5-3.9) 1.3 (0.4-4.2) 15 1.3 (0.6-2.8) 1.2 (0.5-2.7) 20 1.7 (0.8-3.5) 2.0 (0.9-4.4)
 ≥2 6 1.5 (0.5-4.4) 0.8 (0.2-3.0) 15 1.8 (0.8-3.8) 1.7 (0.6-4.4) 17 1.7 (0.8-3.5) 1.8 (0.7-4.4)
Mood          
 Good 2 1 1 12 1 1 13 1 1
 Intermediate 19 1.8 (0.4-8.5) 1.2 (0.2-6.5) 38 0.5 (0.2-1.2) 0.4 (0.1-1.0) 52 0.7 (0.3-1.6) 0.5 (0.2-1.2)
 Poor 4 2.7 (0.4-16.4) 1.3 (0.2-9.9) 10 0.9 (0.3-2.7) 0.6 (0.2-2.2) 7 0.5 (0.2-1.7) 0.3 (0.1-1.0)
Emotional exhaustion          
 Low 2 1 1 4 1 1 9 1 1
 Medium 18 2.3 (0.5-10.7) 1.5 (0.3-7.9) 42 2.9 (0.9-9.0) 3.7 (1.1-12.3) 48 1.3 (0.5-3.1) 1.3 (0.5-3.3)
 High 5 2.6 (0.4-14.8) 1.8 (0.2-15.6) 13 5.1 (1.4-18.6) 8.2 (1.6-41.6) 11 1.2 (0.4-3.6) 1.5 (0.4-6.0)
Depersonalisation          
 Low 2 1 1 5 1 1 7 1 1
 Medium 19 1.3 (0.3-6.3) 1.1 (0.2-6.8) 44 1.4 (0.5-4.3) 1.3 (0.4-4.4) 50 0.9 (0.3-2.4) 0.9 (0.3-2.9)
 High 4 1.0 (0.2-6.6) 0.7 (0.1-6.5) 8 1.0 (0.3-3.7) 0.5 (0.1-2.3) 12 0.8 (0.2-2.6) 0.6 (0.2-2.7)
Stressful occupational physical activity        
 No 5 1 1 11 1 1 61   1
 Yes 20 2.1 (0.7-6.0) 1.5 (0.5-4.8) 49 1.5 (0.7-3.2) 1.0 (0.4-2.3) 11 0.7 (0.3-1.5) 0.7 (0.3-1.6)
Time pressures at work          
 Low 2 1 1 15 1 1 26 1 1
 High 23 5.6 (1.2-24.7) 5.3 (1.1-26.5) 45 1.3 (0.7-2.6) 1.0 (0.5-2.2) 87 1.1 (0.6-2.2) 1.3 (0.6-2.7)
  1. aAdjusted for age (age is presented without any adjustment).
  2. bAdjusted for all risk factors in the table.