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  1. There is still a lack of clinical data in arthroscopic treatment for treating multiple ligament injuries. This study aims to evaluate the clinical outcomes of patients with multiple ligament injuries undergoin...

    Authors: Tao Li, Yan Xiong, Zhong Zhang, Xin Tang, Gang Chen, Qi Li, Wei Li Fu and Jian Li

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:904

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  2. Recurrent or persistent neck pain affects a vast number of people globally, leading to reduced quality of life and high societal costs. Clinically, it is a difficult condition to manage, and treatment effect s...

    Authors: Anders Galaasen Bakken, Andreas Eklund, Anna Warnqvist, Søren O’Neill and Iben Axén

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:903

    Content type: Research

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  3. Diagnosing patellofemoral instability disorders correctly, weight-bearing MRI (WB-MRI) has become an option. Aiming for a best possible accuracy in displaying potentially underlying causes, the named MRI modal...

    Authors: J. Leiprecht, F. Mauch, J. Huth, L. P. Ambros and R. Best

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:902

    Content type: Research article

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  4. Several studies have demonstrated a relationship between the posterior tibial slope (PTS) and meniscal tears in adults. However, little is known about the association between the PTS of the adolescents and med...

    Authors: Xiangtian Deng, Hongzhi Hu, Qingcheng Song, Yiran Zhang, Weijian Liu, Lian Zhu and Yingze Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:901

    Content type: Research

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  5. Virtual reality training (VRT) is a new method for the rehabilitation of musculoskeletal impairments. However, the clinical and central effects of VRT have not been investigated in patients with patellofemoral...

    Authors: Naghmeh Ebrahimi, Zahra Rojhani-Shirazi, Amin Kordi Yoosefinejad and Mohammad Nami

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:900

    Content type: Research

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  6. Standing whole spinal radiographs are used to evaluate spinal alignment in adult spinal deformity (ASD), yet some studies have reported that pelvic incidence, pelvic tilt, and thoracic kyphosis (TK) intra- and...

    Authors: Naruhito Fujita, Mitsuru Yagi, Kota Watanabe, Masaya Nakamura, Morio Matsumoto, Yoichi Yokoyama, Minoru Yamada, Yoshitake Yamada, Takeo Nagura and Masahiro Jinzaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:899

    Content type: Research

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  7. Blood loss in posterior surgery patients with thoracolumbar metastasis posed a significant challenge to surgeons. This study aimed to explore the risk factors of blood loss in posterior surgery for patients wi...

    Authors: Yunpeng Cui, Xuedong Shi, Chuan Mi, Bing Wang, Huaijin Li, Yuanxing Pan and Yunfei Lin

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:898

    Content type: Research

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  8. An amendment to this paper has been published and can be accessed via the original article.

    Authors: Mercè Balasch-Bernat, Tine Willems, Lieven Danneels, Mira Meeus and Dorien Goubert

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:897

    Content type: Correction

    Published on:

    The original article was published in BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:756

  9. There is a need to improve consultations between patients with persistent musculoskeletal low back pain and orthopaedic spine clinicians when surgery is not indicated. Poor communication and lack of education ...

    Authors: Kathrin Braeuninger-Weimer, Naffis Anjarwalla, Alison McGregor, Lisa Roberts, Philip Sell and Tamar Pincus

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:896

    Content type: Research

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  10. The relevance between the presence of a sinus tract and the failure risk after debridement, antibiotics and implant retention (DAIR) for periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after hip or knee arthroplasty is s...

    Authors: Wang Deng, Rui Li, Hongyi Shao, Baozhan Yu, Jiying Chen and Yixin Zhou

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:895

    Content type: Research

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  11. Acrolein is a known pro-inflammatory toxic aldehyde, propagating cellular damage and tissue inflammation in humans and animal models of various diseases. Osteoarthritis (OA) has a significant inflammatory comp...

    Authors: Seth A. Herr, Sarah Malek, Mark C. Rochat, George E. Moore, Jeff C. Ko and Riyi Shi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:894

    Content type: Research

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  12. Research is often undertaken using patient-reported outcomes from questionnaires. Achieving a high response rate demands expensive and time-consuming methods like telephone reminders. However, it is unknown wh...

    Authors: Christina Lyngsø Udby, Allan Riis, Janus Laust Thomsen and Nanna Rolving

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:893

    Content type: Research

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  13. Acetabular prosthesis positioning in total hip arthroplasty (THA) is crucial in reducing the risk of dislocation. There has been minimal research on the proper way to put the acetabular components into the saf...

    Authors: Joo-Hyoun Song, Yong-Sik Kim, Soon-Yong Kwon, Young-Wook Lim, Jiyoung Jung and Seungbae Oh

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:892

    Content type: Research article

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  14. Rotator cuff (RC) tears represent a common cause of shoulder pain and dysfunction in adults. The disease affects primarily women and occurs mainly in the postmenopausal period.

    Authors: Umile Giuseppe Longo, Alessandro Mazzola, Simone Carotti, Maria Francesconi, Simone Catapano, Francesco Magrì, Giuseppe Perrone, Sergio Morini, Sergio De Salvatore and Vincenzo Denaro

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:891

    Content type: Research

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  15. Conventional plate osteosynthesis is a valuable treatment option in displaced proximal and/or middle one-third humeral shaft fractures. Nonetheless, this procedure can be complicated by a radial nerve palsy. T...

    Authors: V. Maes and G. Putzeys

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:890

    Content type: Research article

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  16. Arthroscopic subacromial decompression is one of the most commonly performed shoulder surgeries in the world. It is performed to treat patients with suspected shoulder impingement syndrome, i.e., subacromial p...

    Authors: Mathias Bäck, Mika Paavola, Pasi Aronen, Teppo L. N. Järvinen and Simo Taimela

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:889

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. New minimally invasive treatments are vital to delay joint replacement surgery in patients with knee osteoarthritis. This study was designed to select the most effective among three formulations of an enhanced...

    Authors: Marie Bettonville, Marc Léon, Joëlle Margaux, Didier Urbin-Choffray, Emilie Theunissen, Tatiana Besse-Hammer, Yves Fortems, Séverine Verlinden, Olivier Godeaux, Anne-Sophie Delmarcelle and Jean-François Kaux

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:888

    Content type: Research

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  18. To examine the association between circulating 25(OH)D concentrations and incidence of total hip replacement for osteoarthritis in a prospective cohort study.

    Authors: Sultana Monira Hussain, Yuanyuan Wang, Alicia K. Heath, Graham G. Giles, Dallas R. English, Darryl W. Eyles, Elizabeth J. Williamson, Stephen E. Graves, Anita E. Wluka and Flavia M. Cicuttini

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:887

    Content type: Research

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  19. One risk factor for anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) injury may be fluctuations in female hormones. This study examined variability in joint laxity, as a risk factor for ACL injury, during the menstrual cycle.

    Authors: Mayuu Shagawa, Sae Maruyama, Chie Sekine, Hirotake Yokota, Ryo Hirabayashi, Arisa Hirata, Mizuki Yokoyama and Mutsuaki Edama

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:886

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  20. Patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) are at increased risk of falls and fractures. Sarcopenia occurs more frequently in RA patients due to the inflammatory processes. Early diagnosis and prevention programm...

    Authors: Sabine Wiegmann, Gabriele Armbrecht, Diana Borucki, Bjoern Buehring, Frank Buttgereit, Christian Detzer, Désirée Schaumburg, Kim Nikola Zeiner and Roswitha Dietzel

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:885

    Content type: Research

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  21. Periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) is a severe complication following knee arthroplasty. Therapeutic strategies comprise a combination of surgical and antibiotic treatment modalities and aim to eradicate the in...

    Authors: Franziska Eckers, Christoph J. Laux, Sebastian Schaller, Martin Berli, Yvonne Achermann and Sandro F. Fucentese

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:884

    Content type: Research

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  22. The purpose of this study was to investigate the longitudinal postoperative relationship between physical activity, psychosocial factors, and physical function in patients undergoing lumbar spine surgery.

    Authors: Hiral Master, Renan Castillo, Stephen T. Wegener, Jacquelyn S. Pennings, Rogelio A. Coronado, Christine M. Haug, Richard L. Skolasky, Lee H. Riley III, Brian J. Neuman, Joseph S. Cheng, Oran S. Aaronson, Clinton J. Devin and Kristin R. Archer

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:883

    Content type: Research

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  23. Nerve conduction study (NCS) is the only useful test for objective assessment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). However, the relationship between pre- and postoperative NCS and clinical outcomes was unclear. Th...

    Authors: Masato Ise, Taichi Saito, Yoshimi Katayama, Ryuichi Nakahara, Yasunori Shimamura, Masanori Hamada, Masuo Senda and Toshifumi Ozaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:882

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  24. Recently, Oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) is commonly indicated to correct the sagittal and coronal alignment in adult spinal deformity (ASD). Endplate fracture during surgery is a major complication of...

    Authors: Gen Inoue, Wataru Saito, Masayuki Miyagi, Takayuki Imura, Eiki Shirasawa, Shinsuke Ikeda, Yusuke Mimura, Akiyoshi Kuroda, Yuji Yokozeki, Sho Inoue, Tsutomu Akazawa, Toshiyuki Nakazawa, Kentaro Uchida and Masashi Takaso

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:880

    Content type: Research

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  25. Reduction of lumbar spondylolisthesis during spinal fusion surgery is important for improving the fusion rate and restoring the sagittal alignment. Despite the variety of reduction methods, the fundamental mec...

    Authors: Yu-Tsung Lin, Kuo-Chih Su, Kun-Hui Chen, Chien-Chou Pan, Cheng-Min Shih and Cheng-Hung Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:879

    Content type: Research

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  26. Early weight-bearing is becoming increasingly common because it can positively affect the quality of life of patients. Therefore, the efficacy and safety of this conservative treatment should be assessed for d...

    Authors: Alejandro Lorente, Antonio Gandía, Gonzalo Mariscal, Pablo Palacios and Rafael Lorente

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:878

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  27. The role of the subacromial bursa in the development or healing of shoulder pathologies is unclear. Due to this limited knowledge, we aimed to understand specific reactions of the subacromial bursa according t...

    Authors: Susann Minkwitz, Kathi Thiele, Aysha Schmock, Nicole Bormann, Thanh Huyen Nguyen, Philipp Moroder, Markus Scheibel, Britt Wildemann, Fabian Plachel and Franka Klatte-Schulz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:877

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  28. The Achilles tendon Total Rupture Score (ATRS) is a widely used patient-reported outcome measure to assess clinical outcomes of Achilles tendon rupture, but it has not been validated in Korean yet. The purpose...

    Authors: Young Hwan Park, Hyun Woo Cho, Jung Woo Choi and Hak Jun Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:876

    Content type: Research

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  29. Open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) is the gold standard management of fractures of the distal humerus. Stable fixation to allow early mobilization is not always possible in cases with comminuted fracture ...

    Authors: Ashraf N. Moharram, Mostafa Mahmoud, Ahmed Lymona, Ahmed Afifi, Mostafa Ezzat and Mohamed Abdel-Wahed

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:875

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  30. The purpose of this study was to clarify elbow valgus stability of the transverse bundle (TB). We hypothesized that the transverse bundle is involved in elbow valgus stability.

    Authors: Mutsuaki Edama, Kanta Matsuzawa, Hirotake Yokota, Ryo Hirabayashi, Chie Sekine, Sae Maruyama and Noboru Sato

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:873

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  31. Neck and shoulder pain is common in the general population, but studies on factors related to the risk of neck and shoulder pain have produced inconclusive results. Known factors related to pain include genera...

    Authors: Gunnel Peterson and Nicklas Pihlström

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:872

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  32. Chronic pain can have detrimental effects on quality of life and a profound impact on one’s identity. The Pictorial Representation of Illness- and Self-Measure (PRISM), is a visual tool designed to measure the...

    Authors: Myrella Paschali, Asimina Lazaridou, Eric S. Vilsmark, Jeungchan Lee, Michael Berry, Arvina Grahl, Alessandra Anzolin, Marco Loggia, Vitaly Napadow and Robert R. Edwards

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:871

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  33. Matrix Gla (γ-carboxyglutamate) protein (MGP) is considered a strong inhibitor of ectopic calcification, and it has been associated with OA severity, although not conclusively. We utilized male Dunkin-Hartley ...

    Authors: Xun Ma, Zhan Zhang, Xinyuan Kang, Chunbo Deng, Yingwei Sun, Yanjun Li, Desheng Huang and Xueyong Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:870

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  34. Interosseous ligament vertical segment (IOLV) and calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) have been reported to be important in stabilizing the subtalar joint. Unlike CFL, there is not much information regarding the co...

    Authors: Hong-Geun Jung, Sung Gyu Moon, Deuk Young Yoon, Hyemin Jang and Ji Hee Kang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:869

    Content type: Research

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  35. Although recent studies have investigated the risk factors for PSI, few studies have focused on the impact of scoliotic correction on postoperative shoulder imbalance (PSI), especially in severe and rigid scol...

    Authors: Shuo Yuan, Ning Fan, Yong Hai, Qichao Wu, Peng Du and Lei Zang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:868

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  36. Early versions of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) scoliosis correction surgery often involved sublaminar devices. Recently, the utilization of pedicle screws has gained much popularity. Pedicle screws are genera...

    Authors: Shih-Hsiang Chou, Wen-Wei Li, Cheng-Chang Lu, Kun-Ling Lin, Sung-Yen Lin, Po-Chih Shen, Yin-Chun Tien and Hsuan-Ti Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:867

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  37. To investigate the incidence of osseous wrist and hand injuries on whole-body computed tomographies (WBCT) at an urban maximum-care trauma center, to report the number of missed cases in primary radiology repo...

    Authors: L. Schmehl, A. Hönning, A. Asmus, S. Kim, S. Mutze, A. Eisenschenk and L. Goelz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:866

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  38. This study aims to describe the association between sharp score and clinical indexes, bone metabolism indexes, Disease Activity Score (DAS28) and sociodemographic factors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

    Authors: Jianting Wen, Jian Liu, Ling Xin, Lei Wan, Hui Jiang, Yue Sun, Yanqiu Sun, Xin Wang and Jie Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:865

    Content type: Research article

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  39. Although working activities are associated with several pregnancy outcomes, there is scarce information regarding the association between working activities and low back pain (LBP) during pregnancy. This study...

    Authors: Eduardo L. Caputo, Marlos R. Domingues, Andrea D. Bertoldi, Paulo H. Ferreira, Manuela L. Ferreira, Debra Shirley and Marcelo C. da Silva

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:864

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  40. To determine the relationship between clusters of back pain and joint pain and prescription opioid dispensing.

    Authors: Sultana Monira Hussain, Yuanyuan Wang, Geeske Peeters, Anita E. Wluka, Gita D. Mishra, Helena Teede, Donna Urquhart, Wendy J. Brown and Flavia M. Cicuttini

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:863

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  41. To explore the relationships between participant characteristics, perceptions of a short educational video about osteoarthritis and its management, and immediate changes in behavioural determinants for effecti...

    Authors: Thorlene Egerton, Joanne Bolton, Camille E. Short and Kim L. Bennell

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:862

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  42. The appendicular skeletal muscle mass index (ASMI) is an important risk indicator for osteoporosis because of the anatomical proximity and metabolic connection between muscle and bone mass. The present study i...

    Authors: Geise Ferreira da Cruz, Tatiana Mion Lunz, Tatielle Rocha de Jesus, Mariana Braga Costa, Camila Vilarinho Vidigal, Ben-Hur Albergaria, Jose Luiz Marques-Rocha and Valdete Regina Guandalini

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:861

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  43. The use of Oxford uni-compartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) has rapidly increased worldwide,however,the relevance of younger patients for postoperative function after Oxford UKA remains unclear. The main purpo...

    Authors: Zhen Li, Zhenyue Chen, Jinqiang Wei, Xianzhong Zeng, He Sun, Zehui Li and Xuewei Cao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:859

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  44. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is generally considered to be one of the most successful orthopedic surgical procedures. However, no research has been conducted on the postoperative mental health of patients who ...

    Authors: Tianshu Shi, Qianjin Wang, Siyu Shen, Yong Shi, Jian Huang, Ke Lu and Qing Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:858

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  45. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols were rapidly adopted in many surgeries such as fast-track arthroplasty. The study aimed to investigate the impact of ERAS protocols on the clinical effect of to...

    Authors: Bo Wei, Cheng Tang, Xuxiang Li, Rongcai Lin, Liu Han, Suyang Zheng, Yan Xu, Qingqiang Yao and Liming Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:856

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

  46. The high signal of paravertebral muscle (PVM) on T2-weighted image (T2WI) is usually considered to be fatty degeneration. However, it is difficult to distinguish inflammatory edema from fatty degeneration on T...

    Authors: Ding-Chao Zhu, Jia-Hao Lin, Jia-Jing Xu, Qiang Guo, Yi-Han Wang, Chao Jiang, Hui-Gen Lu and Yao-Sen Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:854

    Content type: Research article

    Published on:

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