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  1. Joint Hypermobility Syndrome (JHS) is a rare Heritable Disorder of Connective tissue characterised by generalised joint laxity and chronic widespread pain. Joint Hypermobility Syndrome has a large impact on pa...

    Authors: Alexander Vernon Bates, Alison H. McGregor and Caroline M. Alexander

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1005

    Content type: Research article

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  2. Shoulder impingement syndrome (SIS) is the most common form of shoulder pain. Conservative and surgical treatments for SIS are often not effective. One such surgical intervention is subacromial decompression, ...

    Authors: Donald J. Hunter, Darren A. Rivett, Sharmaine McKiernan and Suzanne J. Snodgrass

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1004

    Content type: Research

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  3. With the Persona® knee system a new polyethylene formulation incorporating vitamin-E which aims to reduce oxidation and maintain wear resistance was introduced. Although in-vitro studies have demonstrated posi...

    Authors: Dominic T. Mathis, Joshua Schmidli, Michael T. Hirschmann, Felix Amsler, Johann Henckel, Harry Hothi and Alister Hart

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1003

    Content type: Research

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  4. Proximal humerus fracture (PHF) complications, whether following surgery or nonoperative management, require standardization of definitions and documentation for consistent reporting. We aimed to define an int...

    Authors: Laurent Audigé, Stig Brorson, Holger Durchholz, Simon Lambert, Fabrizio Moro and Alexander Joeris

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1002

    Content type: Research

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  5. This study aims to analyze postoperative changes of cervical sagittal curvature and to identify independent risk factors for cervical kyphosis in Lenke type 1 adolescent idiopathic scoliosis (AIS) patients.

    Authors: Junyu Li, Kaige Deng, Yanchao Tang, Zexi Yang, Xiaoguang Liu, Zhongjun Liu, Feng Wei, Fengliang Wu, Hua Zhou, Yan Li, Yongqiang Wang, Weishi Li and Miao Yu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1001

    Content type: Research

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  6. Heterotopic ossification (HO) can limit joint activity, causes ankylosis and impairs the function and rehabilitation of patients. Endothelial to mesenchymal transition (EndMT) plays an important role in the pa...

    Authors: Zhenyuan Wei, Yang Zhao, Peichun Hsu, Shang Guo, Chi Zhang and Biao Zhong

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:1000

    Content type: Research

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  7. Adult spinal deformities (ASD) represent a growing clinical condition related to chronic pain, disability and reduction in quality of life (QoL). A strong correlation among spinal alignment, spinopelvic parame...

    Authors: Andrea Perna, Luca Proietti, Amarildo Smakaj, Calogero Velluto, Maria Concetta Meluzio, Giuseppe Rovere, Daniela Florio, Gianfranco Zirio and Francesco Ciro Tamburrelli

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22(Suppl 2):999

    Content type: Research

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 22 Supplement 2

  8. Therapeutic exercises are used in clinical practice for patients with low back pain (LBP). Core stabilization exercises can retrain the important function of local trunk muscles and increase the accuracy of th...

    Authors: Su Su Hlaing, Rungthip Puntumetakul, Ei Ei Khine and Rose Boucaut

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:998

    Content type: Research

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  9. Intra-articular hip injections for osteoarthritis represent a useful instrument to reduce pain and disability in the common clinical practice. Several medications can be injected locally with different level o...

    Authors: Paola Emilia Ferrara, Sefora Codazza, Daniele Coraci, Giuseppe Malerba, Giorgio Ferriero and Gianpaolo Ronconi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22(Suppl 2):997

    Content type: Review

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    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 22 Supplement 2

  10. Understanding the profiles of different upper extremity fractures, particularly those presenting as a 1st incident can inform prevention and management strategies. The purpose of this population-level study wa...

    Authors: Joy C. MacDermid, J. Andrew McClure, Lucie Richard, Kenneth J. Faber and Susan Jaglal

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:996

    Content type: Research

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  11. Ectopic gas in the graft is occasionally encountered upon follow-up computed tomography (CT) after anterior cervical corpectomy and fusion (ACCF). However, most cases lack inflammatory responses and manifestat...

    Authors: Satoshi Nozawa, Hiroki Kato, Masaya Kawaguchi, Asae Nozawa, Kazunari Yamada, Chizuo Iwai, Kazunari Fushimi, Kei Miyamoto, Hideo Hosoe, Katsuji Shimizu, Masayuki Matsuo and Haruhiko Akiyama

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:995

    Content type: Research

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  12. To compare the clinical efficacy of a femoral neck system (FNS) and cannulated screws (CS) in the treatment of femoral neck fracture in young adults.

    Authors: Changjun He, Yao Lu, Qian Wang, Cheng Ren, Ming Li, Mingyi Yang, Yibo Xu, Zhong Li, Kun Zhang and Teng Ma

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:994

    Content type: Research

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  13. To compare the clinical efficacy of vancomycin calcium sulfate implantation and fenestration decompression in the treatment of sclerosing osteomyelitis.

    Authors: Haotian Hua, Xinwei Wang, Jiangang Guo, Lei Zhang, Zairan Guo and Jiangfei Chen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:993

    Content type: Research

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  14. Osteoporotic fractures of the pelvis (OFP) are an increasing issue in orthopedics. Current classification systems (CS) are mostly CT-based and complex and offer only moderate to substantial inter-rater reliabi...

    Authors: Bernhard W. Ullrich, Klaus J. Schnake, Ulrich J. A. Spiegl, Philipp Schenk, Thomas Mendel, Lars Behr, Philipp Bula, Laura B. Flücht, Alexander Franck, Erol Gercek, Sebastian Grüninger, Philipp Hartung, Cornelius Jacobs, Sebastian Katscher, Friederike Klauke, Katja Liepold…

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:992

    Content type: Research

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  15. The purpose is based on anatomical basis, combined with three-dimensional measurement, to guide the clinical repositioning of proximal humeral fractures, select the appropriate pin entry point and angle, and s...

    Authors: Baorui Xing, Yadi Zhang, Xiuxiu Hou, Yunmei Li, Guoliang Li and Guangpu Han

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:991

    Content type: Research

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  16. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic outcomes after medial patellofemoral ligament (MPFL) reconstruction combined with supracondylar biplanar femoral derotation osteotomy (FD...

    Authors: Xiangtian Deng, Lingzhi Li, Peng Zhou, Fuyuan Deng, Yuan Li, Yanwei He, Ge Chen, Zhong Li and Juncai Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:990

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

  17. Despite the wide use of intraoperative neurophysiological monitoring (IONM) in spinal surgeries, the efficacy of IONM during percutaneous endoscopic transforaminal lumbar interbody fusion (PE-TLIF) surgery in ...

    Authors: Yu Chen, Chunmei Luo, Juan Wang, Libangxi Liu, Bo Huang, Chang-Qing Li, Yue Zhou and Chencheng Feng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:989

    Content type: Research article

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  18. Studies explaining the relationship between hip and spine reported that spinal corrective surgery affected acetabular orientation and changes in pelvic tilt were capable of influencing radiographic measures of...

    Authors: Qiang Luo, Yong-Chan Kim, Ki-Tack Kim, Kee-Yong Ha, Young-Soo Chun, Joonghyun Ahn, Sung-Min Kim and Kyeonguk Min

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:988

    Content type: Research

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  19. This study was performed to investigate the mid-term results of Ti-Nb-Sn (TNS) alloy stem with a low Young’s modulus.

    Authors: Daisuke Chiba, Norikazu Yamada, Yu Mori, Masamizu Oyama, Susumu Ohtsu, Yoshiyuki Kuwahara, Kazuyoshi Baba, Hidetatsu Tanaka, Toshimi Aizawa, Shuji Hanada and Eiji Itoi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:987

    Content type: Research article

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  20. While several studies report on accuracy rates of pedicle screws, risk factors associated with inaccurate pedicle screw positioning in patients with thoracolumbar fractures are reported rarely. CT scan as a ro...

    Authors: R. Aigner, C. Bichlmaier, L. Oberkircher, T. Knauf, A. König, P. Lechler, S. Ruchholtz and M. Frink

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:986

    Content type: Research

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  21. Although open reduction and internal fixation (ORIF) is recommended for lateral condylar humerus fractures (LCHFs) displaced by > 4 mm, several studies have reported the use of closed reduction and percutaneou...

    Authors: Li-wei Xie, Zhi-qiang Deng, Ren-huan Zhao, Juan Wang, Xin Liu, Ying Zhou and Hui Zhang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:985

    Content type: Research

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  22. The irregular anatomical shape and complex structures of irregular bones make it more difficult to repair and reconstruct bone defects in irregular bones than in the long bones of the extremities. Three-dimens...

    Authors: Guochen Luo, Yao Zhang, Xiahua Wang, Shuaishuai Chen, Dongyi Li and Mingyang Yu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:984

    Content type: Research

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  23. Clinical guideline recommendations are against early magnetic resonance imaging (eMRI) within the first 4 to 6 weeks of conservative management of acute low back pain (LBP) without “clinical suspicion” of seri...

    Authors: Bara A. Shraim, Muath A. Shraim, Ayman R. Ibrahim, Mohamed E. Elgamal, Basem Al-Omari and Mujahed Shraim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:983

    Content type: Research

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  24. The “cup-in-cup” technique allows for revision of failed total hip arthroplasty (THA) when the cementless cup is well fixed. Furthermore, it can be used for liner wear or mechanical failure where liner replace...

    Authors: Petri Bellova, Fiona Koch, Maik Stiehler, Albrecht Hartmann, Hagen Fritzsche, Klaus-Peter Günther and Jens Goronzy

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:982

    Content type: Research

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  25. The newly designed cervical disc prosthesis, Pretic-I, had been finished its limited clinical use for over 5 years. At a short-term follow-up of 2 years, we obtained satisfactory clinical results. The long-ter...

    Authors: Yingjun Guo, Hao Liu, Jianzhong Xu, Yuxiao Deng, Xiaoliang Tao, Yang Meng, Xiaofei Wang, Ying Hong, Beiyu Wang, Chen Ding and Wenjie Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:981

    Content type: Research

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  26. The prevalence of chronic diseases is increasing worldwide. Implementing educational programs is an important step in prevention of chronic diseases in the community setting. This study was conducted to assess...

    Authors: Nasim Pakyar, Sarieh Poortaghi, Shahzad Pashaeypoor and Farshad Sharifi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:980

    Content type: Research

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  27. Previous studies have shown a wide range of anatomical classifications of the subtalar joint (STJ) in the population and this is related to the different force line structures of the foot. Different subtalar a...

    Authors: Lei Zhang, Xiaoyao Peng, Siyuan He, Xin Zhou, Gang Yi, Xiaogao Tang, Bingkun Li, Guoyou Wang, Wanxue Zhao and Yuening Yang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:979

    Content type: Research

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  28. Optimizing patients’ total hip and knee arthroplasty (THA/TKA) experience is as crucial for providing high quality care as improving safety and clinical effectiveness. Yet, little evidence is available on pati...

    Authors: Alexandre Hardy, Jonathan Gervais-Hupé, François Desmeules, Anne Hudon, Kadija Perreault and Pascal-André Vendittoli

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:978

    Content type: Research

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  29. Evans calcaneal lengthening osteotomy is used to treat symptomatic flexible flatfoot when conservative treatment fails. Grafts such as autologous iliac bone grafts, allografts, and xenografts are implanted at ...

    Authors: Chien-Cheng Lai, Ting-Ming Wang, Chih-Hung Chang, Jwo-Luen Pao, Hsu-Wei Fang, Chun-Chien Chang, Shang-Ming Lin and Tsung-yu Lan

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:977

    Content type: Research

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  30. Several clinical tests used to identify patients with lumbar instability have reported diagnostic accuracy in separate studies with conflicting results. To augment the diagnostic process, tests that are better...

    Authors: Thiwaphon Chatprem, Rungthip Puntumetakul, Jaturat Kanpittaya, James Selfe and Gillian Yeowell

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:976

    Content type: Research

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  31. There are no scientific reports clearly describing the effectiveness of the High Tone Power Therapy in patients after ACL reconstruction. This caused that in own research an attempt was made to present the pos...

    Authors: Katarzyna Ogrodzka-Ciechanowicz, Grzegorz Głąb, Jakub Ślusarski and Artur Gądek

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:975

    Content type: Research

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  32. Recent research has proposed a classification of spinopelvic stiffness according to pelvic spatial orientation for risk stratification in patients who undergo total hip arthroplasty (THA). However, the influen...

    Authors: Yu-Hsien Lin, Yu-Tsung Lin, Kun-Hui Chen, Chien-Chou Pan, Cheng-Min Shih and Cheng-Hung Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:974

    Content type: Research

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  33. Surgical management of cervical kyphosis in patients with NF-1 is a challenging task. Presently, anterior-only (AO), posterior-only (PO) and combined anterior-posterior (AP) spinal fusion are common surgical s...

    Authors: Hongqi Zhang, Ang Deng, Chaofeng Guo, Zhenhai Zhou and Lige Xiao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:973

    Content type: Research

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  34. Cam and/or pincer morphologies (CPM) are potential precursors to hip osteoarthritis (OA) and important contributors to non-arthritic hip pain. However, only some CPM hips develop OA and/or pain, and it is not ...

    Authors: Maryam Mohtajeb, Jolanda Cibere, Angelo Graffos, Michelle Mony, Honglin Zhang, Michael A. Hunt and David R. Wilson

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:972

    Content type: Technical advance

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  35. Inadequate reduction of syndesmotic injuries can result in disabling clinical outcomes. The aim of the study was to compare syndesmosis congruity after fixation by syndesmotic screws (SYS) or a suture button s...

    Authors: Robert Hennings, Firas Souleiman, Martin Heilemann, Mareike Hennings, Alexis Klengel, Georg Osterhoff, Pierre Hepp and Annette B. Ahrberg

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:970

    Content type: Research article

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  36. Clinical guidelines recommend engaging patients in shared decision making for common orthopedic procedures; however, limited work has assessed what is occurring in practice. This study assessed the quality of ...

    Authors: K. D. Valentine, Tom Cha, John C. Giardina, Felisha Marques, Steven J. Atlas, Hany Bedair, Antonia F. Chen, Terence Doorly, James Kang, Lauren Leavitt, Adam Licurse, Todd O’Brien, Thomas Sequist and Karen Sepucha

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:967

    Content type: Research

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  37. Although knee extensors are essential in daily activities (e.g. walking, climbing stairs), knee extensor strength is often not measured in clinical settings. Existing devices to test muscle strength are not al...

    Authors: Johanneke Hartog, Sandra Dijkstra, Joke Fleer, Pim van der Harst, Massimo A. Mariani and Lucas H. V. van der Woude

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:966

    Content type: Research

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  38. Rats have been widely used as experimental animals when performing fundamental research because they are economical, rapidly reproducing, and heal quickly. While the rat interbody fusion model has been applied...

    Authors: Yu Kang, Chao Liu, Ming Wang, Cheng Wang, Yi-Guo Yan and Wen-Jun Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:965

    Content type: Research

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  39. Diffuse idiopathic skeletal hyperostosis (DISH) is a structural abnormality of the thoracic spine that is known to impair posture. However, the relationship between DISH and sagittal balance in the whole spine...

    Authors: Motoyoshi Takayuki, Hirai Takashi, Yoshii Toshitaka, Inose Hiroyuki, Matsukura Yu, Egawa Satoru, Kobayashi Yutaka, Utagawa Kurando, Hashimoto Jun, Kawabata Atsuyuki, Takahashi Takuya, Tanaka Tomoyuki and Okawa Atsushi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:964

    Content type: Research

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  40. Although the original technique involves inserting two cages bilaterally, there could be situations that only allow for insertion of one cage unilaterally. However, only a few studies have compared the outcome...

    Authors: Jae Hwan Cho, Chang Ju Hwang, Dong-Ho Lee and Choon Sung Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:963

    Content type: Research

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  41. Up to 25% of people who have had carpal tunnel release surgery (CTR) fail to report improvement; however, evidence for prognostic indicators in this surgical cohort is limited. To identify candidate prognostic...

    Authors: Donna L. Kennedy, Deborah Ridout, Ladislava Lysakova, Jan Vollert, Caroline M. Alexander and Andrew S. C. Rice

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:962

    Content type: Research

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  42. The purpose of the study is to evaluate clinical and radiological outcomes in those patients with femoral head fracture, treated with open reduction and internal fixation through Gibson approach and Ganz flip ...

    Authors: Domenico De Mauro, Giuseppe Rovere, Amarildo Smakaj, Silvia Marino, Gianluca Ciolli, Andrea Perna, Concetto Battiato, Omar El Ezzo and Francesco Liuzza

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22(Suppl 2):961

    Content type: Case study

    Published on:

    This article is part of a Supplement: Volume 22 Supplement 2

  43. To investigate the correlation between vertebral Hounsfield unit (HU) values and cage subsidence in patients treated with stand-alone (SA) OLIF.

    Authors: Jing Zhou, Chao Yuan, Chao Liu, Lei Zhou and Jian Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:960

    Content type: Research

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  44. Temporomandibular disorders (TMD) are a group of painful and debilitating disorders, involving the masticatory muscles and/or the temporomandibular joint (TMJ). Chronic TMD pain can be associated with genetic ...

    Authors: Valquiria Quinelato, Letícia Ladeira Bonato, Alexandre Rezende Vieira, José Mauro Granjeiro, Karla Menezes, Radovan Borojevic, Priscila Ladeira Casado, Jose Albuquerque Calasans-Maia and Ricardo Tesch

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:959

    Content type: Research

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  45. Despite being a common overuse entity in youth soccer, scientific data on risk factors, rehabilitation and return to play for long-standing pubic-related groin pain is still rare. The current prospective cohor...

    Authors: Helge Eberbach, David Fürst-Meroth, Ferdinand Kloos, Magnus Leible, Valentin Bohsung, Lisa Bode, Markus Wenning, Schmal Hagen and Gerrit Bode

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:958

    Content type: Research

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  46. New vertebral compression fractures (NVCFs) are adverse events after vertebral augmentation of osteoporotic vertebral compression fractures (OVCFs). Predicting the risk of vertebral compression fractures (VCFs...

    Authors: Qiujiang Li, Xingxia Long, Yinbin Wang, Xiaomin Fang, Donggeng Guo, Jinhan Lv, Xuehua Hu and Lijun Cai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:957

    Content type: Research

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  47. The supracondylar humerus fractures are the most common fracture in children’s elbows. Generally, close reduction and percutaneous pinning can provide satisfactory outcomes after adequate reduction. Baumann an...

    Authors: Gang Chen, Lu Cui, Jiaqi Shi, Peng Zhang, Jun Li, Zijian Wang, Jun Song and Bangjun Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:950

    Content type: Research

    Published on:

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