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  1. Nerve conduction study (NCS) is the only useful test for objective assessment of carpal tunnel syndrome (CTS). However, the relationship between pre- and postoperative NCS and clinical outcomes was unclear. Th...

    Authors: Masato Ise, Taichi Saito, Yoshimi Katayama, Ryuichi Nakahara, Yasunori Shimamura, Masanori Hamada, Masuo Senda and Toshifumi Ozaki

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:882

    Content type: Research

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  2. Recently, Oblique lumbar interbody fusion (OLIF) is commonly indicated to correct the sagittal and coronal alignment in adult spinal deformity (ASD). Endplate fracture during surgery is a major complication of...

    Authors: Gen Inoue, Wataru Saito, Masayuki Miyagi, Takayuki Imura, Eiki Shirasawa, Shinsuke Ikeda, Yusuke Mimura, Akiyoshi Kuroda, Yuji Yokozeki, Sho Inoue, Tsutomu Akazawa, Toshiyuki Nakazawa, Kentaro Uchida and Masashi Takaso

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:880

    Content type: Research

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  3. Reduction of lumbar spondylolisthesis during spinal fusion surgery is important for improving the fusion rate and restoring the sagittal alignment. Despite the variety of reduction methods, the fundamental mec...

    Authors: Yu-Tsung Lin, Kuo-Chih Su, Kun-Hui Chen, Chien-Chou Pan, Cheng-Min Shih and Cheng-Hung Lee

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:879

    Content type: Research

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  4. Early weight-bearing is becoming increasingly common because it can positively affect the quality of life of patients. Therefore, the efficacy and safety of this conservative treatment should be assessed for d...

    Authors: Alejandro Lorente, Antonio Gandía, Gonzalo Mariscal, Pablo Palacios and Rafael Lorente

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:878

    Content type: Research article

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  5. The role of the subacromial bursa in the development or healing of shoulder pathologies is unclear. Due to this limited knowledge, we aimed to understand specific reactions of the subacromial bursa according t...

    Authors: Susann Minkwitz, Kathi Thiele, Aysha Schmock, Nicole Bormann, Thanh Huyen Nguyen, Philipp Moroder, Markus Scheibel, Britt Wildemann, Fabian Plachel and Franka Klatte-Schulz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:877

    Content type: Research

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  6. The Achilles tendon Total Rupture Score (ATRS) is a widely used patient-reported outcome measure to assess clinical outcomes of Achilles tendon rupture, but it has not been validated in Korean yet. The purpose...

    Authors: Young Hwan Park, Hyun Woo Cho, Jung Woo Choi and Hak Jun Kim

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:876

    Content type: Research

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  7. Open reduction internal fixation (ORIF) is the gold standard management of fractures of the distal humerus. Stable fixation to allow early mobilization is not always possible in cases with comminuted fracture ...

    Authors: Ashraf N. Moharram, Mostafa Mahmoud, Ahmed Lymona, Ahmed Afifi, Mostafa Ezzat and Mohamed Abdel-Wahed

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:875

    Content type: Research

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  8. The purpose of this study was to clarify elbow valgus stability of the transverse bundle (TB). We hypothesized that the transverse bundle is involved in elbow valgus stability.

    Authors: Mutsuaki Edama, Kanta Matsuzawa, Hirotake Yokota, Ryo Hirabayashi, Chie Sekine, Sae Maruyama and Noboru Sato

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:873

    Content type: Research

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  9. Neck and shoulder pain is common in the general population, but studies on factors related to the risk of neck and shoulder pain have produced inconclusive results. Known factors related to pain include genera...

    Authors: Gunnel Peterson and Nicklas Pihlström

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:872

    Content type: Research

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  10. Chronic pain can have detrimental effects on quality of life and a profound impact on one’s identity. The Pictorial Representation of Illness- and Self-Measure (PRISM), is a visual tool designed to measure the...

    Authors: Myrella Paschali, Asimina Lazaridou, Eric S. Vilsmark, Jeungchan Lee, Michael Berry, Arvina Grahl, Alessandra Anzolin, Marco Loggia, Vitaly Napadow and Robert R. Edwards

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:871

    Content type: Research

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  11. Matrix Gla (γ-carboxyglutamate) protein (MGP) is considered a strong inhibitor of ectopic calcification, and it has been associated with OA severity, although not conclusively. We utilized male Dunkin-Hartley ...

    Authors: Xun Ma, Zhan Zhang, Xinyuan Kang, Chunbo Deng, Yingwei Sun, Yanjun Li, Desheng Huang and Xueyong Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:870

    Content type: Research

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  12. Interosseous ligament vertical segment (IOLV) and calcaneofibular ligament (CFL) have been reported to be important in stabilizing the subtalar joint. Unlike CFL, there is not much information regarding the co...

    Authors: Hong-Geun Jung, Sung Gyu Moon, Deuk Young Yoon, Hyemin Jang and Ji Hee Kang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:869

    Content type: Research

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  13. Although recent studies have investigated the risk factors for PSI, few studies have focused on the impact of scoliotic correction on postoperative shoulder imbalance (PSI), especially in severe and rigid scol...

    Authors: Shuo Yuan, Ning Fan, Yong Hai, Qichao Wu, Peng Du and Lei Zang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:868

    Content type: Research

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  14. Early versions of spinal muscular atrophy (SMA) scoliosis correction surgery often involved sublaminar devices. Recently, the utilization of pedicle screws has gained much popularity. Pedicle screws are genera...

    Authors: Shih-Hsiang Chou, Wen-Wei Li, Cheng-Chang Lu, Kun-Ling Lin, Sung-Yen Lin, Po-Chih Shen, Yin-Chun Tien and Hsuan-Ti Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:867

    Content type: Research

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  15. To investigate the incidence of osseous wrist and hand injuries on whole-body computed tomographies (WBCT) at an urban maximum-care trauma center, to report the number of missed cases in primary radiology repo...

    Authors: L. Schmehl, A. Hönning, A. Asmus, S. Kim, S. Mutze, A. Eisenschenk and L. Goelz

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:866

    Content type: Research

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  16. This study aims to describe the association between sharp score and clinical indexes, bone metabolism indexes, Disease Activity Score (DAS28) and sociodemographic factors in rheumatoid arthritis (RA).

    Authors: Jianting Wen, Jian Liu, Ling Xin, Lei Wan, Hui Jiang, Yue Sun, Yanqiu Sun, Xin Wang and Jie Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:865

    Content type: Research article

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  17. Although working activities are associated with several pregnancy outcomes, there is scarce information regarding the association between working activities and low back pain (LBP) during pregnancy. This study...

    Authors: Eduardo L. Caputo, Marlos R. Domingues, Andrea D. Bertoldi, Paulo H. Ferreira, Manuela L. Ferreira, Debra Shirley and Marcelo C. da Silva

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:864

    Content type: Research

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  18. To determine the relationship between clusters of back pain and joint pain and prescription opioid dispensing.

    Authors: Sultana Monira Hussain, Yuanyuan Wang, Geeske Peeters, Anita E. Wluka, Gita D. Mishra, Helena Teede, Donna Urquhart, Wendy J. Brown and Flavia M. Cicuttini

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:863

    Content type: Research

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  19. To explore the relationships between participant characteristics, perceptions of a short educational video about osteoarthritis and its management, and immediate changes in behavioural determinants for effecti...

    Authors: Thorlene Egerton, Joanne Bolton, Camille E. Short and Kim L. Bennell

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:862

    Content type: Research

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  20. The appendicular skeletal muscle mass index (ASMI) is an important risk indicator for osteoporosis because of the anatomical proximity and metabolic connection between muscle and bone mass. The present study i...

    Authors: Geise Ferreira da Cruz, Tatiana Mion Lunz, Tatielle Rocha de Jesus, Mariana Braga Costa, Camila Vilarinho Vidigal, Ben-Hur Albergaria, Jose Luiz Marques-Rocha and Valdete Regina Guandalini

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:861

    Content type: Research

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  21. The use of Oxford uni-compartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) has rapidly increased worldwide,however,the relevance of younger patients for postoperative function after Oxford UKA remains unclear. The main purpo...

    Authors: Zhen Li, Zhenyue Chen, Jinqiang Wei, Xianzhong Zeng, He Sun, Zehui Li and Xuewei Cao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:859

    Content type: Research

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  22. Total hip arthroplasty (THA) is generally considered to be one of the most successful orthopedic surgical procedures. However, no research has been conducted on the postoperative mental health of patients who ...

    Authors: Tianshu Shi, Qianjin Wang, Siyu Shen, Yong Shi, Jian Huang, Ke Lu and Qing Jiang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:858

    Content type: Research

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  23. Neck and back pain are musculoskeletal conditions with serious individual and societal consequences. Current evidence about the prognostic value for neck and back pain is limited and conflicting. This prospect...

    Authors: Lena W. Holm, Clara Onell, Martin Carlseus, Robin Ekwurtzel, Olle Holmertz, Tony Bohman and Eva Skillgate

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:857

    Content type: Research

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  24. Enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) protocols were rapidly adopted in many surgeries such as fast-track arthroplasty. The study aimed to investigate the impact of ERAS protocols on the clinical effect of to...

    Authors: Bo Wei, Cheng Tang, Xuxiang Li, Rongcai Lin, Liu Han, Suyang Zheng, Yan Xu, Qingqiang Yao and Liming Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:856

    Content type: Research article

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  25. The high signal of paravertebral muscle (PVM) on T2-weighted image (T2WI) is usually considered to be fatty degeneration. However, it is difficult to distinguish inflammatory edema from fatty degeneration on T...

    Authors: Ding-Chao Zhu, Jia-Hao Lin, Jia-Jing Xu, Qiang Guo, Yi-Han Wang, Chao Jiang, Hui-Gen Lu and Yao-Sen Wu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:854

    Content type: Research article

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  26. There is a need for a validated simple Dutch paediatric activity scale. The purpose was to translate and transculturally validate the Dutch Hospital for Special Surgery Paediatric Functional Activity Brief Sca...

    Authors: Martijn Dietvorst, Tessa M. van de Kerkhof, Rob P. A. Janssen, Linda E. van den Berg and M. C. ( Marieke) van der Steen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:853

    Content type: Research article

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  27. Post-arthroscopic osteonecrosis of the knee (PAONK) is a rare condition. No studies have analyzed the relationship between the meniscus extrusion and PAONK. The purpose of this retrospective study is to test a...

    Authors: Jun Yamaguchi, Kazunori Yasuda, Eiji Kondo, Takuma Kaibara, Daisuke Ueda, Koji Yabuuchi, Jun Onodera, Norimasa Iwasaki, Mitsuru Saito and Tomonori Yagi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:852

    Content type: Research article

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  28. Few reports to date have evaluated the effects of different pedicle screw insertion depths on sagittal balance and prognosis after posterior lumbar interbody and fusion (PLIF) in patients with lumbar degenerat...

    Authors: Quan Zhou, Jun-xin Zhang, Yi-fei Zheng, Yun Teng, Hui-lin Yang, Hao Liu and Tao Liu

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:850

    Content type: Research

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  29. For optimal prosthetic anchoring in omarthritis surgery, a differentiated knowledge on the mineralisation distribution of the glenoid is important. However, database on the mineralisation of diseased joints an...

    Authors: Nabil Serrano, Marc Kissling, Hannah Krafft, Karl Link, Oliver Ullrich, Florian M. Buck, Sandra Mathews, Steffen Serowy, Dominic Gascho, Patrick Grüninger, Paolo Fornaciari, Samy Bouaicha, Magdalena Müller-Gerbl, Frank-Jakobus Rühli and Elisabeth Eppler

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:849

    Content type: Research

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  30. Sciatica pain is a typical symptom of lumbar disc herniation (LDH), but some neurogenic and malignant tumours surrounding the sciatic nerve can also cause similar symptoms. These tumours are often misdiagnosed...

    Authors: Li Zhao, Junqiang Wei, Chenguang Wan, Shuhong Han and He Sun

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:848

    Content type: Case report

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  31. The partial articular supraspinatus tendon avulsion (PASTA) lesion repair remains a topic of debate. We have performed in situ repair of PASTA lesions using a potentially viable threading lasso fixation techn...

    Authors: Sun-Yu Chen, Zhan-Hao Xiao and Jian-Kun Wang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:847

    Content type: Research

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  32. The treatment for intertrochanteric femoral fractures (IFF) among the elderly has been a controversial topic. Hemiarthroplasty (HA) and proximal femoral nail antirotation (PFNA) have their own advantages in th...

    Authors: Zhuangzhuang Jin, Shuoyan Xu, Yue Yang, Yingliang Wei, Yicheng Tian, Ziyuan Wang and Lunhao Bai

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:846

    Content type: Research

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  33. Anterior shoulder dislocation remains a clinical challenge. This study aimed to assess the graft position and clinical outcomes of the arthroscopic Latarjet procedure and capsular repair for the treatment of r...

    Authors: Zheng Zeng, Chuan Liu, Yang Liu and Yan Huang

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:845

    Content type: Research

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  34. Prevalence for knee osteoarthritis is rising in both Sweden and globally due to increased age and obesity in the population. This has subsequently led to an increasing demand for knee arthroplasties. Correct d...

    Authors: Simon Olsson, Ehsan Akbarian, Anna Lind, Ali Sharif Razavian and Max Gordon

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:844

    Content type: Research article

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  35. The injured flexor tendon has poor healing ability, which is easy to cause tendon adhesion. It can affect the recovery of tendon function, which is still a long-term and difficult task for surgeons. Transformi...

    Authors: Ke Jiang, Yuling Li, Chao Xiang, Yan Xiong and Jiameng Jia

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:843

    Content type: Research

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  36. The number of total hip arthroplasties (THAs) performed for patients undergoing dialysis is increasing. However, there are few reports of cementless THA for patients undergoing dialysis. This study investigate...

    Authors: Akira Hashimoto, Motoki Sonohata, Sakumo Kii, Shunsuke Kawano and Masaaki Mawatari

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:842

    Content type: Research

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  37. The implantation of screws is a standard procedure in musculoskeletal surgery. Heat can induce thermal osteonecrosis, damage the bone and lead to secondary problems like implant loosening and secondary fractur...

    Authors: Berit Paul, Andre Frank, Michael J. Raschke and Dirk Wähnert

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:841

    Content type: Research article

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  38. The impact of atraumatic shoulder instability (ASI) on patients can be extensive, its management complex, with a biopsychosocial approach recommended. Currently how physiotherapists manage ASI is unknown or th...

    Authors: Caroline Coulthard, Mindy C Cairns, Deborah Williams, Ben Hughes and Anju Jaggi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:840

    Content type: Research

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  39. Pressure injuries are common complications occurred duration hospitalization, whether the interface pressure distribution in full body memory cotton chest-lumbar cushion was superior than traditional chest cus...

    Authors: Zhiwei Zhang, Zhiqun Jiang, Ying Wu, Yu Yan, Weiqiang Chen and Yu Zeng

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:839

    Content type: Research

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  40. Ataluren is a relatively new treatment for male patients with Duchenne muscular dystrophy (DMD) due to a premature stop codon. Long-term longitudinal data as well as efficacy data on non-ambulant patients are ...

    Authors: Eva Michael, Kalliopi Sofou, Lisa Wahlgren, Anna-Karin Kroksmark and Már Tulinius

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:837

    Content type: Research

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  41. Many solutions have been proposed in treating of forearm supination. Comparing with other supination function reconstructions, pronator teres rerouting is believed to be less effective due to its insufficient ...

    Authors: Shi-Li Ding, Qianjun Jin, Ji-Hua Xu, Yimeng Liu, Xin Huang, Kejiong Liang and Hai-Fei Shi

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:836

    Content type: Research

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  42. Aseptic loosening is the most frequent indication for revision of total hip arthroplasty. Revision arthroplasty of acetabular component is a challenge for every surgeon because they have to simultaneously deal...

    Authors: Jacek Gagala

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:835

    Content type: Research

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  43. Current evidence does not recommend screening urine culture and curing asymptomatic bacteriuria (ASB) before joint arthroplasty. The bacteriuria count on pre-operative urinalysis is a more common clinical para...

    Authors: Linbo Peng, Yi Zeng, Yuangang Wu, Jing Yang, Fuxing Pei and Bin Shen

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:834

    Content type: Research

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  44. Hybrid Oxford unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (OUKA) consists of cementless femoral prostheses and cemented tibial prostheses. Although a hybrid OUKA has been used in clinical practice, the clinical outcome...

    Authors: Guangzhong Yang, Xufeng Jiao, Qianli Li, Zheng Li, Shuai An, Mingli Feng, Guanghan Gao, Jiang Huang and Guanglei Cao

    Citation: BMC Musculoskeletal Disorders 2021 22:833

    Content type: Research

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